Labor Force

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Data provided by Oakland University’s Southeastern Michigan Economic Data Center, which offers state-of-the-art information and analysis on demographic and business trends in the region. Learn more at www.oakland.edu/semedc.  The Southeastern Michigan Economic Data Center is presented by Flagstar Bank.

Civilian Labor Force

Labor Force Participation Rate, 2017

Michigan’s Industry Unionization

Michigan’s overall unionization rate was just over 15% in 2017, slightly higher than national union membership rate of 10.7%.  Eight states had higher unionization rates in 2015, with New York and Hawaii leading the list with rates above 20%.  In 2013, Michigan joined other states offering workers protection and became the 24th Right to Work state. Wisconsin joined in 2015; West Virginia’s 2016 and Kentucky in 2017.

Michigan became the 24th Right-To-Work State in 2013. 

Right to work States, 2017

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Union Affiliation of Employed Wage and Salary Workers by State, 2017 Annual Averages, in thousands

StateTotal EmployedTotal Members of UnionsPercent of Employed (%)
Alabama1,8691387.4
Alaska3045518.1
Arizona2,8051114.0
Arkansas1,209625.1
California16,0642,49115.5
Colorado2,4942389.6
Connecticut1,64527816.9
Delaware4254510.7
District of Columbia347349.8
Florida8,5734805.6
Georgia4,3421734.0
Hawaii60512921.3
Idaho723354.8
Illinois5,51682715.0
Indiana2,9872668.9
Iowa1,4751047.0
Kansas1,2961017.8
Kentucky1,8101749.6
Louisiana1,780784.4
Maine5766611.4
Maryland2,77229910.8
Massachusetts3,23140112.4
Michigan4,23065815.6
Minnesota2,69341115.2
Mississippi1,106595.3
Missouri2,6132268.7
Montana4195011.9
Nebraska858708.2
Nevada1,29016412.7
New Hampshire6427211.3
New Jersey3,89863016.2
New Mexico769526.7
New York8,4722,01723.8
North Carolina4,3051453.4
North Dakota356185.1
Ohio5,06263512.5
Oklahoma1,536845.5
Oregon1,76326214.9
Pennsylvania5,54366512.0
Rhode Island4867816.1
South Carolina1,986522.6
South Dakota380205.4
Tennessee2,7281555.7
Texas11,6265434.7
Utah1,375523.9
Vermont2883211.0
Virginia3,8011764.6
Washington3,11258418.8
West Virginia6837511.0
Wisconsin2,7782308.3
Wyoming243156.0
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
Note: Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.

Labor Unioniziation-Rates-Map

For a visual look at the region, check out our Regional Snapshot, an infographic with some of the region’s most important statistics.

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    • Angela
    • Ladetto
    • Director, Business Research
    • aladetto@detroitchamber.com
    • 313.596.0418
    • Christyn
    • Lucas
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    • clucas@detroitchamber.com
    • 313.596.0372
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Contact
    • Angela
    • Ladetto
    • Director, Business Research
    • aladetto@detroitchamber.com
    • 313.596.0418
    • Christyn
    • Lucas
    • Manager, Business Research
    • clucas@detroitchamber.com
    • 313.596.0372
How Can We Help?

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