Labor

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Michigan’s Industry Unionization

Michigan’s overall unionization rate was just over 16% in 2013. After dropping to 14.5% in 2014, it increased to 15.2% in 2015. The national union membership rate remained 11.1% in 2015, unchanged from 2014, which is down .2% from 2013. Twenty states had higher unionization rates in 2015, with New York and Hawaii leading the list with rates above 20%.  In 2013, Michigan joined other states offering workers protection and became the 24th Right to Work state. Wisconsin joined in 2015 and West Virginia’s Right to Work legislation will go into effect in 2016.

Michigan became the 24th Right-To-Work State in 2013. 

Right to Work States

Union Affiliation of Employed Wage and Salary Workers by State, 2015 Annual Averages, in thousands

StateTotal EmployedTotal Members of UnionsPercent of Employed (%)
Alabama1,86319010.2
Alaska3046019.6
Arizona2,6611385.2
Arkansas1,155585.1
California15,6572,48615.9
Colorado2,3101948.4
Connecticut1,58726917.0
Delaware412389.2
District of Columbia3343510.4
Florida7,9945466.8
Georgia4,0161624.0
Hawaii58311920.4
Idaho679466.8
Illinois5,56684715.2
Indiana2,82828310.0
Iowa1,4351389.6
Kansas1,2551108.7
Kentucky1,70518711.0
Louisiana1,8471075.8
Maine5496411.6
Maryland2,75728710.4
Massachusetts3,10340212.9
Michigan4,08362115.2
Minnesota2,56536314.2
Mississippi1,103605.4
Missouri2,6152308.8
Montana4275212.2
Nebraska882687.7
Nevada1,23217714.3
New Hampshire641629.7
New Jersey3,88059615.4
New Mexico782496.2
New York8,2462,03824.7
North Carolina4,0891233.0
North Dakota352195.4
Ohio4,91460612.3
Oklahoma1,567885.6
Oregon1,58623514.8
Pennsylvania5,60174713.3
Rhode Island4836814.2
South Carolina1,960412.1
South Dakota382225.9
Tennessee2,6931465.4
Texas11,1175034.5
Utah1,274503.9
Vermont2843612.6
Virginia3,7362025.4
Washington2,97750016.8
West Virginia6658312.4
Wisconsin2,6822238.3
Wyoming261197.1
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
Note: Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.

Labor Unioniziation-Rates-Map

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    • Angela
    • Ladetto
    • Director, Business Research
    • aladetto@detroitchamber.com
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    • Lucas
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    • clucas@detroitchamber.com
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