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Michigan’s Industry Unionization

Michigan’s overall unionization rate was just over 16% in 2013 and dropped to 14.5% in 2014. The national union membership rate was 11.1 percent in 2014, down .2% from 2013. Ten states had higher unionization rates in 2014, with New York, Alaska, and Hawaii leading the list with rates all above 20%.  In 2013, Michigan joined other states offering workers protection and became the 24th Right to Work state. The most recent Right to Work addition is Wisconsin, which joined in 2015.

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Michigan became the 24th Right-To-Work State in 2013. 

Right to Work States

Union Affiliation of Employed Wage and Salary Workers by State, 2014 Annual Averages, in thousands

StateTotal EmployedTotal Members of UnionsPercent of Employed (%)
Alabama1,88720410.8
Alaska3077022.8
Arizona2,5931385.3
Arkansas1,108524.7
California15,1352,47216.3
Colorado2,3282219.5
Connecticut1,56423114.8
Delaware384389.9
District of Columbia325288.6
Florida8,0424555.7
Georgia3,9261704.3
Hawaii57212421.8
Idaho641345.3
Illinois5,50083115.1
Indiana2,80229910.7
Iowa1,45915610.7
Kansas1,287957.4
Kentucky1,71418911.0
Louisiana1,834965.2
Maine5666211.0
Maryland2,61231011.9
Massachusetts3,03641513.7
Michigan4,02858514.5
Minnesota2,53836014.2
Mississippi1,028383.7
Missouri2,5592148.4
Montana4145212.7
Nebraska877647.3
Nevada1,17316914.4
New Hampshire626629.9
New Jersey3,86063516.5
New Mexico763435.7
New York8,0601,98024.6
North Carolina3,936761.9
North Dakota353185.0
Ohio4,95861512.4
Oklahoma1,465896.0
Oregon1,55424315.6
Pennsylvania5,52570312.7
Rhode Island4536815.1
South Carolina1,884412.2
South Dakota363184.9
Tennessee2,5141275.0
Texas11,2055434.8
Utah1,236463.7
Vermont2863211.1
Virginia3,6651794.9
Washington2,91449116.8
West Virginia6877310.6
Wisconsin2,62630611.7
Wyoming255176.7
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
Note: Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.

Private Manufacturing Unionization Rates, 2012

Private manufacturing Unionization Rates

Source: Bureau of National Affairs 2013

Note: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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