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Michigan’s Industry Unionization

Michigan’s overall unionization rate was just under 18 percent in 2012. Alaska, California, Hawaii, New York, Rhode Island and Washington State all have higher unionization rates than Michigan.  In 2013, Michigan joined 23 other states offering workers protection and became the 24th Right to Work state.

Michigan became the 24th Right-To-Work State in 2013. 

Right to Work States

Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, 2011-2012 annual averages, in thousands

2011

2012

 

Members of Unions

Members of Unions

State 

Total Employed 

Total

Percent of employed

Total Employed 

Total

Percent of employed

Alabama

1,781

178

10

1,807

166

9.2

Alaska

306

68

22.1

298

67

22.4

Arizona

2,493

149

6

2,434

125

5.1

Arkansas

1,116

47

4.2

1,157

37

3.2

California

13,931

2,379

17.1

14,483

2,489

17.2

Colorado

2,186

179

8.2

2,165

169

7.8

Connecticut

1,542

259

16.8

1,541

216

14

Delaware

370

39

10.5

377

39

10.4

District of Columbia

281

23

8.3

309

27

8.6

Florida

7,283

460

6.3

7,602

440

5.8

Georgia

3,876

153

3.9

3,914

171

4.4

Hawaii

525

113

21.5

537

116

21.6

Idaho

594

31

5.1

613

29

4.8

Illinois

5,408

876

16.2

5,486

801

14.6

Indiana

2,681

302

11.3

2,702

246

9.1

Iowa

1,386

155

11.2

1,390

145

10.4

Kansas

1,268

97

7.6

1,248

85

6.8

Kentucky

1,678

150

8.9

1,742

174

10

Louisiana

1,717

77

4.5

1,733

107

6.2

Maine

554

63

11.3

559

64

11.5

Maryland

2,549

316

12.4

2,636

280

10.6

Massachusetts

2,882

422

14.6

2,896

417

14.4

Michigan

3,838

671

17.5

3,785

629

16.6

Minnesota

2,461

371

15.1

2,465

351

14.2

Mississippi

1,081

54

5

1,113

48

4.3

Missouri

2,531

275

10.9

2,507

224

8.9

Montana

377

49

13

392

54

13.9

Nebraska

828

65

7.9

864

52

6

Nevada

1,050

154

14.6

1,101

162

14.7

New Hampshire

617

68

11.1

621

65

10.5

New Jersey

3,816

615

16.1

3,796

611

16.1

New Mexico

726

49

6.8

780

50

6.5

New York

7,920

1,906

24.1

7,936

1,841

23.2

North Carolina

3,589

105

2.9

3,805

112

2.9

North Dakota

318

20

6.3

329

20

6.1

Ohio

4,813

647

13.4

4,800

604

12.6

Oklahoma

1,458

94

6.4

1,531

115

7.5

Oregon

1,574

270

17.1

1,526

240

15.7

Pennsylvania

5,348

779

14.6

5,452

734

13.5

Rhode Island

453

79

17.4

455

81

17.8

South Carolina

1,726

59

3.4

1,773

58

3.3

South Dakota

359

18

5.1

351

20

5.6

Tennessee

2,504

115

4.6

2,586

124

4.8

Texas

10,214

534

5.2

10,590

599

5.7

Utah

1,150

67

5.8

1,179

61

5.2

Vermont

290

35

12

288

31

10.7

Virginia

3,550

163

4.6

3,592

159

4.4

Washington

2,727

517

19

2,776

513

18.5

West Virginia

672

93

13.8

697

84

12.1

Wisconsin

2,538

339

13.3

2,605

293

11.2

Wyoming

250

18

7.2

252

17

6.7

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

 Private Manufacturing Unionization Rates, 2012

Private manufacturing Unionization Rates

Source: Bureau of National Affairs, 2013.


¹ Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.

² Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
Note: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses
as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Source: U.S. Bureau Of Labor Statistics.

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