Mayor Duggan Names Former Lead Obama Fundraiser Julianna Smoot as City of Detroit’s Chief Development Officer

  • Smoot brings national reputation and relationships to City’s effort to bolster programs that impact Detroiters and neighborhoods
  • Priority areas will include workforce and economic development, education, infrastructure and home repair programs

Mayor Mike Duggan has named Julianna Smoot as the city’s new Chief Development Officer. Smoot served for years as the chief fundraiser for former President Barack Obama and is widely considered one of the country’s most successful fundraisers in history. She will bring a wealth of knowledge to a team that already has brought to the city well over $1 billion in corporate and philanthropic funds, as well as state and federal grants, to help pay for everything from new buses to revitalized parks to neighborhood redevelopment, affordable housing and more.

“We are exceptionally fortunate to have someone of Julianna’s experience join our team to help build and support programs that impact the lives of Detroiters every day,” said Mayor Mike Duggan. “So much of what we’ve been able to accomplish as a city has been thanks to the organizations that help fund these programs. I’m confident that Julianna will help take our already strong development team to a new level.”

Smoot, who lives in Detroit, is the co-founder of Blue Lake Strategies, a full-service public affairs consulting firm that helps companies and organizations navigate public policy and build their strategic positioning in Washington and state capitals. She was a key player in both of President Obama’s presidential campaigns and his administration. President Obama tasked Julianna with key roles in his administration. She served as Chief of Staff to the U.S. Trade Representative, White House Social Secretary and Co-Chair of the Presidential Inaugural Committees in 2009 and 2013.

In her new role with the City of Detroit, Smoot and her colleagues are looking ahead to a set a list of key goals:

  • Home repair initiatives for Detroit homeowners
  • Public Safety initiatives to reduce violence and improve traffic safety
  • Infrastructure investments, including access to broadband internet, water & sewer upgrades, street redesigns and the Joe Louis Greenway
  • Business support through job training for Detroiters and land assembly, as well as increasing entrepreneurship opportunities through Motor City Match
  • Pre-K and Afterschool programming, including expansion of the city’s GOAL Line to service more areas of the city

“Mayor Duggan and his team have been doing extraordinary work to support and lift up Detroit residents in ways it never had before,” said Smoot. “A big part of that progress has been the outside funding partners that have stepped up to support the Mayor’s key initiatives. I’m honored to have the opportunity to build on this work to help the City reach even more Detroiters and impact more neighborhoods.”

Smoot replaces Sirene Abou-Chakra, who left recently for a Harvard University Center Public Leadership Fellowship. She is a graduate of Smith College and currently serves on the Board of the Obama Foundation. Smoot will begin her new position on Tuesday, September 28.

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Wayne County Partners with Michigan Department of Health and Human Services to Provide Water Filters

In response to the recently discovered elevated levels of lead in the City of Wayne’s municipal water, Wayne County is partnering with the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) to provide free water filters to all effected residents.

“The safety of residents is always a top priority for me; even more so when the health of our children is at jeopardy. Lead exposure has been proven to have serious and lasting effects on children, creating the urgent need for action and resources,” said Wayne County Executive Warren C. Evans.

Residents affected by elevated lead levels can pick up their free water filter(s) on Saturday, October 16th at Wayne County’s Health Administration Building (HAB), 33030 Van Born Rd, Wayne, MI 48184 from 10:00am – 2:00pm. This is a drive-thru service; residents should enter the HAB garage from Venoy Road and exit onto Van Born Road.

Lead Testing, Covid-19 Vaccinations & Other Immunizations Will Also be Available

In addition to water filter pick up, residents can also take advantage of the county’s walk-in clinic for COVID-19 vaccinations. For residents wishing to receive a COVID vaccine first or second dose, vaccines are available for all of the vaccine manufacturers. In addition, booster shots of the, the Pfizer vaccination will be available for:

  • Immunocompromised residents ages 12 years of age or older; and
  • Priority Population aged 65 years and older; aged 18 years and older in long-term care settings; and aged 18-64 years with underlying medical conditions, at increased risk for COVID-19 exposure and transmission because of occupational or institutional setting

Walk-in childhood back-to-school immunizations will also be available, which includes Measles (MMR), Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Varicells (MMRV), Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis (tDAP), Chicken Pox, Haemophilus Influenzae (HIB), Hepatitis A (Hep A) ,Hepatitis B (Hep B), Human Papillomavirus (HPV9), Polio, Meningitis Vaccine (MCV4). On-site lead testing for children age 6 months to 6 years and adults as well as seasonal flu vaccine for children 6 months to 18 years will also be available.

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As Part Of An Infrastructure Advancement, Macomb County Announces More EV Charging Stations

62 CBS Detroit
Oct. 7, 2021
April Morton  

As the future of EV’s increases, Macomb County is making sure they’re ready to receive them. As the world starts to transition into an EV era, Macomb County Executive says the county will make the experience convenient for drivers.

“We understand it’s coming I think that’s where the industry is headed they all made that commitment and they’re very vocal about that, that’s where they are headed with the car industry so we need to make sure that we’re prepared,” said Mark Hackel, Macomb County Executive.

Hackel says the county is advancing infrastructure in southeast Michigan and preparing for EV’s is a major piece of this work. During a press event on Thursday, he toured a few EV’s and got a feel for how the charging stations work. He says this is history in the making.

“Great grandparents probably when they were first buying cars, the question can you get a car then how do you find a gas station, so it became a matter of convenience for us and everywhere you turn you see 4 or 5 gas stations,” said Hackel.

Hackel says soon enough this will be the case with EV charging stations, these located at the Towns Mart Marathon in Washington Township are makes 29 total in the county.

“got to believe somewhere down the road 15, 20 years from now this will be something that will be common place, not just in Macomb county but the entire State and probably throughout the country,” Hackel said.

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Coulter Names Al-Igoe as First Oakland80

Administrator Will Develop Strategy and Convene Leaders to Help County Reach Post-Secondary Certification and Degree Goals

Pontiac, Michigan – Oakland County has hired Rana Al-Igoe to be its first Oakland80 administrator. County Executive Dave Coulter announced the Oakland80 workforce development initiative in his 2020 State of the County speech with the goal of 80 percent of Oakland County residents attaining a post-secondary certification or degree by 2030.

“Rana’s 20 years of commitment to getting job seekers the skills they need and connecting them with employers in Southeast Michigan will be a boost to meeting the lofty goals of our Oakland80 initiative,” Coulter said. “The Oakland County advantage is our skilled and educated workforce and we are going to build on this strength to secure our economic future.”

Al-Igoe will develop a strategy to implement the objectives, performance measures, project management, and annual budget requests for Oakland80 activities and goals. She also will convene and collaborate with workforce development leaders, post-secondary and K-12 educators, businesses, and other community partners to support the Oakland80 initiative.

Before joining Oakland County, Al-Igoe was the workforce programs manager at Southeast Michigan Community Alliance (SEMCA) working with staff and contractors to provide talent services to job seekers and business services to employers. She began her workforce development career in March of 2002 with Washtenaw County as an administrative specialist, rising to workforce development policy and operations officer, a role she held from July of 2012 to May of 2015. In between her roles at Washtenaw County and SEMCA, she served as senior project manager then director of work-based initiatives at Workforce Intelligence Network.

Al-Igoe has a Bachelor of Science degree in architectural engineering from the Jordan University of Science and Technology. She also has taken graduate courses at Eastern Michigan University (EMU). Born in Jordan, she grew up in Ann Arbor where she graduated from Pioneer High School while dually enrolled at EMU. She resides in Novi with her husband and two daughters.

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COVID vaccine boosters: When, where and how to get them in Michigan

Bridge Michigan
Oct. 18, 2021
Robin Erb

The federal government is poised to sign off on vaccine boosters made by Moderna and Johnson & Johnson as early as this week, paving the way for greater protection against COVID for hundreds of thousands more people in Michigan.

The anticipated approval of the boosters — following approval of the Pfizer booster last month — is sure to spawn questions about who is eligible, how to get one, whether they can be mixed and other key questions, which are answered below.

Late last week, the Food and Drug Administration’s Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee recommended that anyone who received a one-dose J & J vaccine at least two months ago get a booster shot. The same panel recommended half-dose boosters for those who received Moderna vaccines earlier this year.

With three different U.S.-approved vaccine manufacturers, there are limits in who gets what, differing waiting periods, and adjustments in dose amounts.

“I get a lot of questions,” Tiffany Haddad-Azzi, a regional pharmacy manager for 22 Rite Aid stores stretching along Michigan’s I-94 corridor, said of the difference in boosters.

“What we do know about COVID vaccines is that they are working,” Haddad-Azzi said. “We do know that they’re helping (reduce) the amount of deaths and hospitalizations from COVID.”

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analysis published in September found all three vaccines strong in preventing hospitalizations, although Moderna’s had the most robust response. The Moderna vaccine was shown to be 93 percent effective against hospitalizations from March 11 to August 15 compared to the Pfizer vaccine (88 percent) and the J & J vaccine (71 percent).

“But as far as how often we have to get it and how long antibodies last from the shots — we just have to keep studying it,” Haddad-Azzi said.

Here are answers to some common questions about the boosters:

When is the Moderna booster coming?

Roughly 3.9 million Michigan residents have received the two-dose Moderna vaccine, according to state data.

The FDA and the CDC still must weigh in on the panel’s recommendations before the Moderna vaccine booster is approved. The FDA usually follows panel recommendations on COVID vaccines quickly. An advisory committee to the CDC is scheduled to meet Oct. 20-21.

The Moderna vaccine, like the one from Pfizer, is an mRNA vaccine and, like Pfizer, is given in a two-dose series after being authorized earlier this year.

Immunocompromised people who received the Moderna vaccine were approved for a third dose back in August. More than 32,000 Moderna third doses have been administered to this higher-risk population so far in Michigan, according to state data.

If the FDA and CDC follow the advice of the FDA’s advisory board Thursday, Moderna booster recipients will receive a half-dose of the Moderna vaccine as a booster.

If the panel’s recommendation is followed, Moderna boosters would be given, at least at first, to the same group of people now recommended for the Pfizer booster — those 65 and older and at higher risk for COVID.

When will the J & J booster be available?

More than 355,000 Michigan residents have received the single-dose J & J vaccine.

The FDA and CDC still must approve a J &J booster. The FDA has generally followed the panel’s recommendations on COVID vaccines quickly. An advisory committee to the CDC is scheduled to meet Oct. 20-21.

Unlike Moderna and Pfizer, which are two-dose mRNA vaccines, Johnson & Johnson produced a one-dose viral vector vaccine similar to many traditional vaccines.

The J & J booster has been recommended for anyone who had an initial J & J dose, with no need to restrict them initially to higher-risk groups.

Who can now get the Pfizer booster?

The Pfizer vaccine, now marketed as Comirnaty, is a two-dose mRNA vaccine similar to Moderna’s version. Also similar: The Pfizer vaccine was recommended in August as a third dose for immunocompromised patients so they mount the same immune response as the general public. (Conditions are listed at this link here.)

Third doses were to be given at least 28 days after the first two-dose series was completed.

In September, the FDA authorized Pfizer boosters for a limited number of other people who got the Pfizer vaccine — specifically those 65 and older, those at higher risk of severe COVID, and those in certain occupations.

The boosters are to be given six months after a first series and boost immune responses that wane over time.

More than 325,000 Pfizer third doses and boosters have been given out in Michigan, according to state data.

“All of those doses — the third dose for immunocompromised people or the booster for other Pfizer recipients — are the same exact shot. There’s nothing that codes them differently, like Dose 1 or Dose 2 or Dose 3. They are the same,” Haddad-Azzi said.

Still unclear is whether those who are immunocompromised and received three doses will be eventually recommended for boosters.

Can I mix vaccines?

For now, no. For the most part, individuals are to stick to the same vaccine they first received, although in rare instances, individuals in the early days of the vaccine rollout may have had two different vaccines.)

It’s unclear to what extent the guidance to stick to one vaccine type will hold — an uncertainty underscored last week when an early study suggested that people who originally received the J & J vaccine might be better protected if they received a Moderna or Pfizer booster.

The results from the study of 458 people are preliminary and must be peer reviewed.

How do I get a booster once I’m eligible?

Vaccines now are widely available at large pharmacy chains, physician’s offices and health departments. It’s not necessary to return to the same site as your first doses.

Do the boosters carry side effects?

In clinical trials, the most commonly reported side effects among clinical trial participants getting the Pfizer and Moderna boosters were pain, redness and swelling at the injection site, fatigue, headache, muscle or joint pain and chills. J & J  has reported similarly common side effects in its first vaccines, but has not submitted large data sets addressing side effects in a booster.

Can I get a COVID booster and flu shot at the same time?

Yes, according to the CDC.

This is the season when millions of Americans traditionally get their annual flu shot. Ask your pharmacy if you can get scheduled for both.

While COVID shots initially were to be spaced apart from other vaccines, the CDC changed its guidance about the timing, and now allows flu and COVID vaccines to be given at the same time. By federal law, the COVID shot is free, although pharmacists may bill insurers when available.

Most insurers cover flu shots, too, but there are exceptions, pharmacist Hadded-Azzi said.

Do I need my vaccination card when I get a booster?

Vaccine providers can access an individual’s COVID vaccine record through the Michigan Care Improvement Registry if the vaccine was administered in Michigan. Copies of vaccine records also can be requested through the MCIR public portal.

Nonetheless, the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services recommends residents take their vaccine card with them when seeking additional shots or boosters to avoid confusion.

Those who received vaccines out of state should bring their out-of-state COVID vaccine record and request that the provider add the out-of-state record to MCIR, said MDHHS spokesperson Chelsea Wuth.

What about vaccines for children?

Currently, anyone 12 and older is eligible to receive a COVID vaccine. For now, the Pfizer booster — the only booster yet approved — is limited to adults 65 and older and people in high-risk groups.

The same FDA panel making recommendations about boosters is set to take up Pfizer’s request to authorize vaccines for children 5 to 11 years old at its meeting Oct. 26. The CDC’s Advisory Committee of Immunization Practices, which determines who will be eligible for vaccines and when, is scheduled to meet Nov. 2.

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Stellantis, LG Announce Joint Venture To Produce EV Batteries In North America

The Detroit News 
Oct. 18, 2021
Breana Noble 

The maker of Jeep SUVs and Ram pickup trucks on Monday said it has entered into a memorandum of understanding with LG Energy Solution to create a joint venture for the production of electric-vehicle battery cells and modules in North America.

The joint venture between Stellantis NV and the Korean battery maker intends to break ground in the second quarter of 2022 on a battery plant for hybrids and EVs assembled in the U.S., Canada and Mexico. The plant will have an annual production capacity of 40 gigawatt hours with the goal of starting production by the first quarter of 2024.

A location is under review, and Stellantis declined to specify if it’s in Michigan. The quasi-governmental Michigan Economic Development Corp. on Monday did not return requests for comment on whether it is actively involved in the project.

The partnership, which is subject to regulatory approval, is the next step for Stellantis, the merger between Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV and French rival Groupe PSA, in its bid to compete in an electrified future. The company plans to invest $35.5 billion in electrification through 2025 and offer an all-electric option for each of its models in the United States by 2029. Stellantis believes it must produce batteries for plug-in hybrids and EVs to represent more than 40% of U.S. sales by 2030.

“Today’s announcement is further proof that we are deploying our aggressive electrification road map and are following through on the commitments we made during our EV Day event in July,” Stellantis CEO Carlos Tavares said in a statement. “Together, we will lead the industry with benchmark efficiencies and deliver electrified vehicles that ignite passion.”

Stellantis during its EV Day said it plans to have 90 gigawatt hours of capacity contracted in North America by 2030. It expects to have two battery plants on the continent by then, with the second built with a major battery supplier or its European battery joint venture.

LG already is tied up with one other Detroit automaker: General Motors Co. Their joint venture, Ultium Cells LLC, is constructing battery plants in Lordstown, Ohio, and Spring Hill, Tennessee, which will open in the first quarter of 2022 and late 2023, respectively. The Lordstown plant will have 30 gigawatt hours of annual capacity. Two other plants, whose locations have yet to be announced, also are planned.

LG currently produces lithium-ion battery pack system and controls in Holland for Stellantis’ Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid minivan, a relationship that dates to 2014. LG also produces batteries for GM’s Chevrolet Bolt EV and EUV, which the Detroit automaker recalled in August after a manufacturing defect was found to create a fire risk while vehicles charged.

Chrysler has said there has been no indication of similar defects in the Pacifica’s high-voltage batteries. LG has said assembly lines are individually operated for different EV models and the manufacturing process for Chrysler modules is different from from the Bolt’s. Samsung, meanwhile, is supplying the batteries for the new plug-in hybrid Jeep Wrangler and Grand Cherokee 4xe SUVs.

“Establishing a joint venture with Stellantis will be a monumental milestone in our long-standing partnership,” said Jong-hyun Kim, CEO of LG Energy Solution, in a statement. “LGES will position itself as a provider of battery solutions to our prospective customers in the region by utilizing our collective, unique technical skills and mass-producing capabilities.”

Ford Motor Co. has teamed with SK Innovation Co. to produce batteries in the United States. Two BlueOvalSK plants in Glendale, Kentucky, and one in Stanton, Tennessee, are expected to open starting in 2025 and will offer a combined 129 annual gigawatt hours of capacity for the Dearborn automaker.

In Europe, Stellantis has partnered with French oil and gas company TotalEnergies SE and Daimler AG’s Mercedes-Benz for its Automotive Cells Co. joint venture. A total of three battery plants are planned in France by 2023, Germany by 2025 and Italy by 2030. Altogether, they represent 120 gigawatt hours in annual capacity.

“With this,” Tavares said of the LG partnership, “we have now determined the next ‘gigafactory’ coming to the Stellantis portfolio to help us achieve a total minimum of 260 gigawatt hours of capacity by 2030.”

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Employee Resources on the New Child Tax Credit

The new Child Tax Credit took effect on July 15, 2021. Employers can let their employees know that they are eligible to receive $300 per month per child. As businesses struggle with staffing issues because of childcare barriers, employers can use the following flyer to share with employees and customers on this important new benefit.

Learn more about the new Child Tax Credit here.

Is it time for an eDiscovery audit?

If the FBI showed up on your door with a search warrant to examine your electronic files, would your employees know how to respond?
If you received a subpoena requesting emails, text messages, calendar entries, voicemails or other electronically stored materials, would you know where or how to start looking?
If your answer to either or both is no, it is time for an electronic discovery, or eDiscovery, audit.
While no one likes to think about litigation, the best time to do so is before being served. Understanding how your company stores data and your policies governing email and devices now can save you time, money and heartache down the road.

Five Areas of Focus

When it comes to litigation, the single biggest cost is discovery. With the proliferation of our devices and the explosion of big data, we’re generating more electronic records than ever. A single gigabyte of data equates to approximately 100 bankers boxes of paper documents. Your smartphone alone can hold over 350GB of data—35,000 bankers boxes. Your laptop, smart watch, tablet and other electronic devices will only increase the size of that data collection.
Conducting an eDiscovery audit can allow your organization to identify and leverage your strengths while simultaneously assessing and managing your weaknesses. After an audit, you’ll be in better shape to identify opportunities for costs savings.
What’s involved in an eDiscovery audit? The first step is to meet with your team – in-house counsel, information technology staff, human resources and other interested parties – to identify where your information is stored, what is stored and for how long, and what your document collection, review and production processes are. The audit will focus on identifying areas for improvement and efficiency to save you time, effort and money.
• Have a notification team: Before you can tackle the “what” of eDiscovery, you need to assemble the “who” – as in who you’ll want around the table. Your notification team should be led by legal counsel, either a knowledgeable in-house attorney or experienced lawyers outside your organization. The team should include those responsible for information technology, records, human resources, security and relevant departments where documents may reside. Be sure to engage your communications team; if using professionals external to the organization, having your law firm retain them gives qualified privilege to their work.
• Understand where your data is kept: After you pull together your team, it’s time to get your arms around exactly what data you have and where it is kept. In addition to hard documents, such as letters and memos, you’ll want to have a good understanding of where your electronic data is stored. And we don’t mean just online documents and emails – think more broadly to include text messages, instant messages or chats, voicemails, security footage and social media posts and responses. When it comes to storage devices, you’ll need to know how to access cloud servers, laptops, desktops, external hard disk drives, flash drives, CDs, DVDs – maybe even floppy disks, magnetic tape or microfiche, depending on how far back your data storage goes. You will also want to look at your policies when it comes to personal emails and devices.
• Review retention policies: After you complete the second step, now might be a good time to review your records retention policies. Too often, organizations don’t pay close enough attention to the types of documents they store nor the lengths they store them. This can result in an overly burdensome discovery process that is needlessly expensive. Federal and state laws mandate certain records be kept for certain lengths of time. For example, attendance records should be kept for seven years while OSHA logs must be kept for six. Some records, such as patents and deeds, should be held permanently. Take this opportunity to review retention policies and shed documents and files you no longer need to keep.
• Recognize liability and privacy concerns: You have an obligation to ensure you safeguard the privacy of your stakeholders, so you’ll also want to understand what type of protected health information, or PHI, personally identifiable information, or PII, you collect and hold for employees, donors, vendors and others. If your company employs international team members, realize you’ll be subject to the laws of the countries where they live and you operate, which may have far more strenuous privacy measures than U.S. law.
• Ask for help: Organizations may not have the internal capacity or expertise to manage an eDiscovery request. Using outside help can save you time, money, frustration and headaches in the long run – and ensure you’re not missing something critical. Outside organizations such as Warner’s eDiscovery Center can use technology assisted review and suggest other cost-saving strategies to streamline the process.

About the authors: Scott Carvo and Madelaine Lane are both litigators and partners with the law firm Warner Norcross + Judd LLP. They are co-partners-in-charge of the firm’s eDiscovery Center. They can be reached at and

Oakland County: CDC Says Residents May Get COVID-19 And Flu Vaccines At The Same Time

Oakland County Health Division reminds residents that COVID-19 and flu vaccines can be given at the same time, according to the Centers for Disease Control. The Health Division is administering both vaccines at its indoor community clinics.

“Getting both the flu and COVID vaccine is vital to reducing the risk of serious illness or death from either virus during this flu season, which is why we are offering both at our indoor community clinics,” Health Division Medical Director Dr. Russell Faust said. “A number of residents who attended our recent clinics were unaware that the CDC updated its guidance enabling people to get both vaccines at the same time.”

Upcoming indoor community clinics will include the Karl Richter Community Center in Holly, United Food & Commercial Workers Local 876 in Madison Heights, Suburban Collection Showplace in Novi, Welcome Missionary Baptist Church and Trinity Missionary Baptist Church in Pontiac, and Southfield Pavilion in Southfield.

Appointments are strongly encouraged, but walk-ins are welcome. Click on for addresses, times, and to schedule an appointment. Those who do not have access to the Internet may call the Nurse on Call at 800-848-5533 Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. – 5 p.m. for more information. Individuals who schedule their COVID-19 vaccine appointment at an indoor clinic will be asked to indicate whether they would like to receive the flu vaccineResidents may also request it at the time they show up to get their COVID-19 vaccine at an Oakland County indoor clinic.

Oakland County Health Division continues to be focused on limiting the transmission of COVID-19 by immunizing residents who remain unvaccinated. Upcoming drive-through vaccine clinics for COVID-19 will be in Novi, Pontiac, and West BloomfieldThe flu vaccine is unavailable at the drive-through clinics.

About 283,000 eligible Oakland County residents remain unvaccinated, at least 46,000 of whom are ages 12-19 years old. New cases of COVID-19 continue to grow, especially among unvaccinated residents. Of the more than 4,800 new confirmed and probable cases in Oakland County from Sept. 27-Oct. 10, residents 39 years old or younger accounted for 54.8 percent of the new cases.

The following is an update on progress vaccinating Oakland County residents, according to the State of Michigan COVID-19 Vaccine Dashboard as of Oct. 12, 2021:

Total eligible residents 12 and older: 1,091,389

  • Number of residents 12 and older who have received first dose: 808,353
  • Number of residents 12 years and older who have completed vaccination: 752,749
  • Vaccine coverage for residents 12 and older: 71 percent

Total eligible residents 16 and older: 1,029,737

  • Number of residents 16 and older who have received first dose: 773,318
  • Number of residents 16 and older who have completed vaccination: 720,720
  • Vaccine coverage for residents 16 and older: 75.1 percent

Total eligible senior residents 65 and older: 217,676

  • Number of senior residents who have received first dose: 192,557
  • Number of senior residents who have completed vaccination: 182,175
  • Vaccine coverage for senior residents: 88.5 percent

Total doses distributed within Oakland County: 1,664,985

Total primary doses administered within Oakland County: 1,502,506

Total third and booster doses administered in Region 2 North (Oakland, Macomb, and St. Clair counties): 82,850  

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