Dr. Diane L. Peters Dove into the Future of Mobility at AWAF’s Meeting

Dr. Diane L. Peters, Ph.D., P.E., assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Kettering University presented “The Challenges of Getting Robotic Chauffeurs, Working Towards Autonomous Vehicles.”





On Sept. 25, the Automotive Women’s Alliance Foundation (AWAF) hosted a presentation on “Future of Mobility” at Cauley Ferrari of Detroit in West Bloomfield, MI.

Guest speaker Dr. Diane L. Peters, Ph.D., P.E., assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Kettering University presented “The Challenges of Getting Robotic Chauffeurs, Working Towards Autonomous Vehicles.”

According to AWAF Marketing Co-Chair Patricia Price, “The educational seminar went very well, and it was very well received by all attendees. Our speaker was insightful, and the topic sparked great conversations and a lot of positive vibes. The venue was also wonderful, and overall, the event exceeded all our expectations.”

Dr. Peters began her presentation by expressing that most predictions pertaining to the future of mobility and autonomous driving are quite ambitious. People keep thinking that autonomous vehicles are nearly here, but there have been a few tragedies when it comes to actual progress. She identified three problems that make the future of mobility such a challenge.

First, autonomous vehicles have to be able to identify where the car is located, but GPS can fail and provide the wrong signal. It’s imperative that the data be correct before the industry can proceed.

The second challenge is the vehicle’s ability to identify what’s located around it and appropriately deal with those objects, whether they are people, animals or something else. The autonomous vehicle must also be able to detect and read traffic signs, traffic lights, barriers and more.

Identifying the final challenge, Dr. Peters asked, “What do we do? Seems simple – we follow the road, stay at or under the speed limit, and don’t hit anyone so it’s an easy problem to control, right? What if we’re going to hit something? There are complicated unpredictable factors. Humans actually handle unpredictable factors well – we know which roads have a lot of car-deer accidents and where people tend to do dumb things, but how do you teach the car all of that?”

During the question-and-answer session at the end of her presentation, Dr. Peters answered questions regarding potential guidelines, globalization of autonomy, and infrastructure challenges.

Brooks Kushman Shareholders To Speak At Intellectual Property Law Spring Seminar 2018

The Intellectual Property Law Section of the State Bar of Michigan in cooperation with the Institute of Continuing Legal Education is hosting the 2018 Intellectual Property Law Spring Seminar in Lansing, Michigan. It is an opportunity for national and local leaders in intellectual property to network, and learn new best practices to help them adapt to their client’s changing needs. Brooks Kushman shareholders Ben Stasa and Martin Sultana will be presenting on autonomous vehicles technology.

Stasa will be moderating the panel on a comprehensive IP primer of autonomous vehicles, and Sultana will be on the panel. The discussion will cover the new relationships between auto OEMs, suppliers, and tech companies in Silicon Valley, and key IP challenges and emerging issues in vehicle-to-vehicle communications to open source software compliance, industry players will discuss managing the IP and regulatory issues that are disrupting the automotive space.

Stasa is Co-Chair of Brooks Kushman’s Autonomous Vehicle practice group. His practice focuses on guiding the development of medium to large-scale patent portfolios, and managing teams of attorneys tasked with supporting the same. Given his lead role, he is often called upon to handle complex issues, as well as opine on matters concerning infringement, patentability, and validity. Stasa, as a result, has developed expertise in handling difficult legal circumstances for a wide array of technologies. He also has experience in using analytic tools to uncover competitive data and trends, and apply information gleaned from the same when counseling clients on patent strategy.

Sultana is Co-Chair of Brooks Kushman’s Autonomous Vehicle practice group. With years of real world automotive, electronics and software experience, he is well equipped to advise clients in this emerging technology, and regularly advises automotive OEMs and suppliers on the development of patent portfolios, freedom-to-operate opinions and validity opinions. Sultana focuses his practice on patent preparation, patent prosecution, and opinion related work. He also has extensive experience in preparing and prosecuting patent applications on a variety of technologies. Sultana understands, through over a decade of engineering experience and his time as in-house counsel within a Tier-1 automotive supplier, that business decisions often impact intellectual property rights. This approach enables Sultana to thoroughly understand the issues that his clients face, and approach them with an informed perspective.

For more information about the conference, the rest of the programming, and to register for the event click here.

About Brooks Kushman P.C.

Brooks Kushman P.C. is a leading intellectual property (IP) and technology law firm with offices across the nation, and represents clients nationally and internationally with respect to protection, enforcement and monetization of IP, including patents, trademarks, copyrights and trade secrets. The firm has more than 90 intellectual property professionals specializing in various technical disciplines, and has a reputation for providing leading IP counseling with a focus on the business objectives of their clients.

Brooks Kushman counts a number of Fortune 100 companies across a variety of industries among its clients. The firm is also recognized by leading legal publications and rankings, including Corporate Counsel magazine, U.S. News & World Report, Law360, Intellectual Asset Management, Managing Intellectual Property, and Intellectual Property Today. For more information, please visit www.BrooksKushman.com.

Experts Examine the Formation of the Autonomous Drive Industry

By: Kelly Weatherwax

Throughout the North American International Auto Show Industry Preview Days, conversations around autonomous vehicles flooded the halls. Everyone wants expert insight on when these vehicles will become consumer products, what infrastructure and legislation will be needed to move automated vehicles forward, and most of all – where will all the talent come from?

May Mobility CEO Ed Olson sat down in AutoMobili-D with a panel of experts from companies working on the future of automotive in one way or another, for more insight into how this autonomous drive industry will culminate.

So when will this technology take over the roads like the iPod took over the music industry? Samit Ghosh, President and CEO of P3 said by 2021 he believes most OEMs in the western world will have fully autonomous driving deployment, but there is still a lot more R&D and testing to be done to allow that to happen.

“Germany and the U.S. are leading on autonomous vehicle development. By2021 China will catch up. They’re lagging on key complexity, because of high congestion,” Ghosh explained. “Currently the U.S. is at the forefront with legislation like what Gov. Snyder signed. Other countries like China will be more restrictive and fall behind.”

Talent is top of mind

With innovation happening so rapidly, challenges arise that need to be addressed and the one that is top of mind for everyone is talent.

Udacity, an online education platform that offers AI courses with a focus on autonomous vehicle education, is one way people can get the skills they need for the growing industry demands.

“More than 10,000 students have enrolled in the ‘Intro to Self-Driving Cars’ course and go off to get jobs in Detroit, Silicon Valley and Germany,” explained David Silver, an engineer for the nanodegree program at Udacity. “At the end of the nine-week course the students take the code they worked on and test it on the road on an autonomous vehicle where they see real-time how the code interacts with lane and path finding, and adhering to traffic laws.”

Recognizing that P3 has a global talent pool, Gosh said the company is always looking for creative ways to recruit because attracting talent is a challenge with everyone fighting for the same finite resource.

“When it comes to project work, we are inclined to look at the U.S. market and look through certain visa regulations set up through NAFTA,” he explained.

Cybersecurity on the frontlines is key to success

Many have questioned if OEMs have learned from past mistakes.

“Are we handling security better with autonomous vehicles today than we did with the connected car where cybersecurity was an afterthought?” asked Geoffrey Wood, director of automotive cybersecurity for Harman. “Investing in security research to do R&D for technology to be implemented on the frontlines of this is going to be key to the success of autonomous vehicles.”

Ride-sharing alone is expected to pose a large vulnerability – when you get into the vehicle the car is going to know you in some way and the rider before or after you may have access to that data.

“Being able to pull data off vehicles and continually monitor the system – we need to get to that point infrastructure-wise,” Wood explained.

Investing in the proper research and engaging legislators early to understand the technology they are legalizing will be checkpoints in the process that will delay autonomous cars for years to come if missed.

Robust, safe infrastructure will be an expensive challenge

The way roads are designed, from signage to parking, will need to be different for autonomous vehicles to dominate the road, but who is going to fund new infrastructure?

“You can start charging a tax for driving, a curbside tax for shared vehicles, or a tax system to charge against vehicle owners that need that infrastructure in place,” said David Ben, chief technology officer for PPG.

Olson added that building maps, understanding traffic flow, building the shortest loop that makes sense, are all things May Mobility is currently working on.

Rise of the Connected State: Urban Renewal, Health Care, Innovation Complement Michigan’s Automotive Leadership in the Digital Era

By James Amend

Page 40-41

As leaders in connected and autonomous vehicles, as well as a region undergoing a renaissance in economic redevelopment, Southeast Michigan ­finds itself on the doorstep of a new day in the information age, where data gathering and analysis will connect people and things like never before.

The advantages of an intensely connected world, which is underpinned by big data and the Internet of Things (IoT) remotely linking objects and devices to our ­fingertips, appear limitless. As a hub for automotive research and development, the state is keenly aware of how connected cars could save lives, improve the environment and ease the everyday grind. But the possibilities for enriching daily life go well beyond transportation and into ­fields like urban renewal, health care, government, manufacturing and education.

“The idea and successful execution of connected devices is valuable to society as a whole,” said Keith Collins, executive vice president and chief information of­ficer at North Carolina-based SAS, a statistical analysis software company.

The Federal Trade Commission estimates the number of devices connected to the internet, such as automated home systems that turn on the porch lights at night or fitness bracelets that share your workout with friends, will surpass 50 billion by 2020. That is seven times the number of people on earth.

The information unlocked by such widespread connectivity, as well as the behavioral patterns and predictions that data can yield, may solve future cultural dilemmas, such as a global urban population expected to surpass 6 billion by 2045.

Ingeborg Rocker, vice president of 3DEXPERIENCity at Dassault Systèmes, a French multinational software company, said it is time break away from traditional paradigms of urbanism.

“How do we rethink living and mobility in the 21st century?” she asked. “It will be a smart, serviceable environment where objects can be easily programmed and devices can send information back to us.”

MORE: Fortune Magazine’s Geoff Colvin Assesses Michigan’s Leadership in the Technology Race

3DEXPERIENCity is a data-rich, virtual model of a city, where researchers and developers can develop, analyze, simulate and even operate new scenarios for the cities prior to their realization. In this way, potentially dramatic changes to the landscape, infrastructure and population can be previewed and — if undesired — prevented. It is a sharable platform between stakeholders and is continuously updated to provide a real-time point of reference. Want to build a new high-rise? 3DEXPERIENCity will be able to visualize how the development might affect the current and future demography, or how it may alter traffic patterns and electrical use.

“It may chart the entire lifecycle of a city,” Rocker said.

Dassault Systèmes has applied the technology for an initiative called Virtual Singapore, a dynamic data model designed to enhance government services, the connectivity of its residents and fuel innovations to answer severe growth restrictions on the small island nation.

Rocker thinks Detroit, with its automotive backbone and buzz of redevelopment, could employ a similar virtual model.

“It would be a fantastic place,” she said. “There is incredible momentum, entrepreneurship and a pioneering spirit.”

The plan would not only provide development direction, but also could create a new revenue stream by selling Detroit’s smart city expertise and model to other cities seeking successful revitalization.

The promise of connectivity also can be seen in emerging health care technologies, said Wright Lassiter III, president and CEO of Henry Ford Health System in Detroit.

“We can use big data to deliver personalized medicine to a patient based on their genetic makeup,” said Lassiter, who oversees the $5.5 billion health care organization, comprising six hospitals, 60 clinical sites and 28,000 employees.

Cancer patients, for example, respond to treatments differently and only until recently have researchers been able to determine why. Now speci­fic cancers can be targeted using data from a patient’s genetic makeup as well as the tumor itself. The method is called precision medicine, and Henry Ford leads a national, seven health system consortium funded by the National Institutes of Health researching its possibilities among 1 million cohorts.

Lassiter said participation in the program underscores Michigan’s history as a health care innovator.

“Precision medicine is the complete embodiment of our commitment to our patients,” he said. “We are on the cutting edge, personalizing care you won’t ­find in other places.”

The automobile will continue to play a major role in the future, just as it has since American industrialist Henry Ford’s $5-a-day wage brought personal mobility to the masses. But with cities around the world already straining under gridlock, the auto industry must shift from exclusively supplying personal transportation to enabling a shared model where people, goods and services move freely, said John Kwant, vice president of City Solutions at Ford Motor Co.

“Otherwise it all comes to a halt,” Kwant said. “There is widespread agreement that there needs to be investment in infrastructure, but we also have to ensure it is not all going to cement and steel, and rail cars and things. An increasing amount of it has to be going to smart applications to help all that capacity — new and old — be better coordinated.

A connected world does not come without risk, however, Collins added.

“There are steps that must be taken to ensure data integrity and security,” he warned.

“Organizations that capitalize on the bene­fits of connected technologies must also be committed to safeguarding the collection, management and analysis of all the data that comes with it. Modern computing power makes taking these steps easier and more affordable than ever before.”

James Amend is a senior editor at Wards Auto in Southfield.

A Candid Conversation with Michigan’s Promising Next-Generation Industry Leaders

What excites and motivates you about mobility and the industry you are working in?

Anya Babbitt, Founder and CEO, SPLT

Mobility excites us at SPLT because of the industry’s power to make large and widespread impact that affects people’s lives. When we think about mobility, we think about transforming the way people meet and move by leveraging urban technology. Mobility is a fascinating space to be in because it is changing so rapidly and that is precisely what makes it both challenging and inspiring.

Erica Klampfl, Future Mobility Manager, Ford Motor Co.

At Ford I’ve had the opportunity and privilege to work on solving both current and long-term mobility challenges to make mobility affordable economically, environmentally and socially. It’s exciting to look at the future of our transportation system, and more importantly wor

k to solve real challenges people are facing. We’re seeing global megatrends such as explosive population growth, an expanding middle class, air quality and public health concerns, changing consumer attitudes and priorities that continue to impact the practicality of personal vehicle ownership in cities. It’s been exciting to partner with Ford leadership on our Ford Smart Mobility plan, forging a new business area for Ford — one that continues our tradition of providing mobility for all, but now beyond just through personal ownership.

Laurent Vioujas, Software Design Champion, Visteon

Cars are an integral part of our everyday lives, and it is exciting to know that the products we develop reach so many people around the world. Products we work on today may not go to market until 2020, so I have a unique glimpse into the future and know my work will continue to impact drivers for years to come.

What does having a great “culture” in a company mean to you?

Anya Babbitt, Founder and CEO, SPLT

At SPLT, culture is baked into everything we do. We believe our company is family. We strive to create a space where our team feels comfortable to grow and innovate. Our culture is a reflection of the people that make up our team. Without culture, what do you really have? We’re about being a great company for our customers, but also for our employees, and achieving that balance requires discipline and mindfulness.

Erica Klampfl, Future Mobility Manager, Ford Motor Co.

I’ve been at Ford for 16 years and I think having a great company culture is extremely critical in providing an environment to inspire innovation, creativity and a willingness to continually evolve. We’ve worked hard to energize the entire workforce to think outside of the box and are challenging employees through encouraging experimentation and enterprise-wide innovation challenges. The core company principle of treating others with dignity and respect is something that I really value, and you can see how this plays out within both our internal and external relationships. We’re using our 113 years of industry expertise and talent within the company to evolve as both an auto and mobility company, and our dynamic company culture has contributed to that.

Laurent Vioujas, Software Design Champion, Visteon

To have a great culture, you have to go beyond competitive salaries and benefits. For me, work-life balance, team collaboration and good leadership are key. Fostering a company culture that challenges and empowers employees to reach their full potential, while also recognizing their innovations, is equally important.

What critical actions are needed to attract, promote and grow Michigan’s next-generation workforce?

Anya Babbitt, Founder and CEO, SPLT

We need to think different. The easy answer is that we need to attract talent from around the region, the country and around the world to bridge diverse perspectives. But we also need to look right next to us and change the way we value talent. The history of entrepreneurship here is rich and remains, and we need an expectation shift that fosters entrepreneurship among young people.

Erica Klampfl, Future Mobility Manager, Ford Motor Co.

The changing automotive and mobility landscape makes Michigan an exciting place to work right now. As we look to bring new talent to our teams, we’re constantly looking to recruit smart minds from diverse backgrounds that will help us create these next-generation transportation solutions. Michigan needs to foster an environment of innovation, continue to bring in and create a receptive environment for entrepreneurs, work with universities to ensure curriculum prepares and generates students that provide the right talent, and be open to expanding into new areas.

Laurent Vioujas, Software Design Champion, Visteon

The continued revival of downtown Detroit will help. We must evolve to meet the expectations of the next-gen workforce that grew up with digital devices and lacks patience for outdated tools. Companies must invest in technology, and partner with local colleges and universities to tailor programs so graduates have the skills to work in Michigan. Internships identify talent and build industry knowledge prior to graduation.

What is one thing you like about Detroit and Michigan?

Anya Babbitt, Founder and CEO, SPLT

It’s hard to focus on just one thing, but I would say it’s the people and — in one word — the community. The people of Detroit and Michigan have opened their arms up to us, especially the founders coming from New York and Atlanta. I joke with my co-founder that southern hospitality is one thing, but the Midwestern hospitality is second to none, and we have benefited from the tremendous values of hard work and hustle that makes up the fabric of this community.

Erica Klampfl, Future Mobility Manager, Ford Motor Co.

I am constantly impressed by the resilience and resourcefulness of the people of Detroit. Their willingness to transform their own identity and pivot from just being the Motor City to driving entrepreneurship around new mobility solutions inspires me.

Laurent Vioujas, Software Design Champion, Visteon

There’s so much to love about Detroit and Michigan. I especially love the “never give up” mentality here. Detroit has been through some tough times, but the recovery has been remarkable. The automotive industry is moving forward, and Detroit is at the heart of it all – constantly pushing the limits and boundaries of innovation.

Chamber Continues to Urge Lawmakers to Reform Michigan’s Energy Law, Looks to the New Year

As the 2015-2016 legislative session comes to a close, the Detroit Regional Chamber continues to advocate for strong, pro-business policies in Lansing. With only one week tentatively left, the Chamber is urging lawmakers to pass a comprehensive reform of Michigan’s Energy Law (Senate Bills 437-438), which would set new procedures for building new plants, ensuring adequate infrastructure, require alternative electric suppliers to provide greater guarantees for their power supply, increase the percentage of electricity that must be generated from renewable sources from 10 to 15 percent, and establish new net metering regulations for customers who generate their own power.

In addition, the Chamber continues to monitor legislation that would assist Detroit’s collection of city income taxes (Senate Bill 1127) to ensure that taxpayers are adequately protected, and House Bill 5578 that would alter the assessments of large retail properties.

In a recent victory for Michigan’s automotive industry last week, Gov. Rick Snyder signed legislation expanding the regulation of autonomous vehicles, maintaining Michigan’s role as the leader of the mobility revolution.

Looking towards 2017, the Chamber will be re-introducing other reforms that have made substantial progress but were not able to reach final passage in 2016, including comprehensive reform of the Michigan Tax Tribunal (House Bill 5765) and equitable treatment of taxpayers with the Department of Treasury (House Bill 4461).

The Chamber will also continue to educate lawmakers on innovative tax incentive proposals that spur economic development in the region, including an expansion of tax increment financing (TIF) to encourage large, transformational projects (Senate Bills 1061-1065).

Developing IP in evolving autonomous vehicle market demands thorough understanding of FRAND commitments

Emerging technologies continue to infiltrate cars, and notably autonomous vehicles, making them increasingly complex, intelligent and connected. This outgrowth calls for the industry’s standard-setting bodies to strike a balance between the intellectual property rights driving these standards and the benefits derived from others’ needs to utilize them, according to Jon Beaupré, a shareholder in the Ann Arbor office of Brinks, Gilson & Lione, one of the largest intellectual property law firms in the U.S.

One customary approach is the use of a licensing obligation that is fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory or “FRAND,” also known as “RAND” (reasonable and non-discriminatory). Under FRAND terms, the standard-setting bodies may require their members to provide benefits such as agreeing to grant licenses or disclose intellectual property rights.

Companies that enter into FRAND commitments often do so through membership or participation in standard-setting organizations (“SSOs”), which are organizations that develop technical standards for all adopting parties in a particular field. For example, SSO members often indicate their willingness to allow their particular platform, technology, or product to be available for licensing, which in turn, enables widespread adoption in the marketplace.

“Businesses often consent to FRAND-type commitments for their reciprocal terms and the fact that the benefits may outweigh the value of the intellectual property disclosure in the long run,” Beaupré said. “Also, many businesses realize that consenting to these commitments is the price of admission for being a member of a standard-setting organization.”

“In the case of autonomous vehicles, the multitude of new technologies that have to interface with each other, as well as the numerous parties involved in the operation, has brought renewed interest and scrutiny to FRAND,” Beaupré said.

Before jumping into a FRAND commitment, Beaupré advises businesses to carefully consider all legal implications involved in doing so. Besides licensing, other factors to bear in mind include:
• Patent Portfolio Management: Patents can add to the overall value of a growing company and should be taken into account when setting business and financial strategy.
• Escalation of FRAND Litigation: Recent litigation over FRAND patent royalties has some experts asking whether FRAND is effective.
• Antitrust Compliance: Issues may include attempts to set prices or financial terms or activity that blocks new market entrants or suppresses competition.
• Software Licensing: Copyrights and legalities regarding the creation, use and licensing of software have a growing role in new vehicles technologies, and therefore, must be carefully managed.

“Businesses that proactively manage the legal implications of FRAND within a changing automotive industry will be best positioned to take advantage of these new developments,” Beaupré concludes.

Brinks Gilson & Lione

The attorneys, scientific advisors and patent agents at Brinks Gilson & Lione focus their practice in the field of intellectual property, making Brinks one of the largest intellectual property law firms in the U.S. Clients around the world rely on Brinks to help them protect and enforce their intellectual property rights. Brinks attorneys provide counseling in all aspects of patent, trademark, unfair competition, trade secret and copyright law.

More information is available at www.brinksgilson.com.

Brinks Gilson & Lione’s Oberholtzer interviewed by Comcast Newsmakers; advises caution on collaborative projects between the auto and tech industries

Brinks Gilson & Lione’s Oberholtzer interviewed by Comcast Newsmakers; advises caution on collaborative projects between the auto and tech industries

Steven L. Oberholtzer managing shareholder of the Ann Arbor office of Chicago-based Brinks Gilson & Lione, one of the largest intellectual property law firms in the U.S., was a guest on Michigan’s Comcast Newsmakers, a news platform presenting public affairs information via interviews with local, state and federal officials and business and community leaders.

The topic of the interview, which can be viewed here, was a discussion on the unique challenges faced by traditional automakers and their supplier partners amid high profile collaborations between the auto and tech industries. Oberholtzer advises the auto industry to protect its core competencies while using shared technologies vital to the ongoing development of autonomous vehicles, hybrids and other technology-driven initiatives which reflect a fundamental shift in the auto industry. The interview followed a blog post Oberholtzer contributed to Automotive News in June 2016 on the same topic.

Oberholtzer’s practice at Brinks focuses on patent and trademark counseling, corporate intellectual property policy development and administration, technology licensing, joint development and joint venture relationship agreements. He has extensive experience with the intellectual property legal issues of the automotive industry and a lifelong interest in the industry and its products. Oberholtzer was previously employed as a senior project engineer with a domestic OEM manufacturer and as in-house patent counsel for a Tier 1 supplier. In private practice, he has acted as primary outside counsel for a number of Tier 1 and lower tier supplier engagements that include worldwide responsibility for all intellectual property issues and management of teams of attorneys handling all facets of these matters.
Oberholtzer is the principal author of a primer on intellectual property entitled, The Basic Principles of Intellectual Property Law. He holds a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Kettering University, formerly known as the General Motors Institute, and received his J.D. from the Detroit College of Law at Michigan State University.

Comcast Newsmakers is presented online at www.comcastnewsmakers.com and across Comcast’s national Xfinity on-demand service.

Brinks Gilson & Lione
The attorneys, scientific advisors and patent agents at Brinks Gilson & Lione focus their practice in the field of intellectual property, making Brinks one of the largest intellectual property law firms in the U.S. Clients around the world rely on Brinks to help them protect and enforce their intellectual property rights. Brinks attorneys provide counseling in all aspects of patent, trademark, unfair competition, trade secret and copyright law. More information is available at www.brinksgilson.com.

Brooks Kushman Shareholder Discusses Joint Development Agreements In Crain’s Detroit Business

Brooks Kushman Shareholder Marc Malooley was featured in Crain’s Detroit Business’ March 21, 2016 article, “Joint development agreements smooth way for auto tech partnerships.”

In the article, Malooley discusses that automakers are partnering with smaller start-ups to advance technology at a faster pace.

“In some cases, it doesn’t matter if the company is bigger or smaller, because they have a technology the automakers can’t replicate in house or get elsewhere,” Malooley said in the article. “Now, the relationship is not so one-sided.”

Malooley has nearly 20 years of intellectual property (IP) experience, focusing on a variety of IP matters including patents, trade secrets and IP license agreements. He represents clients ranging from Fortune 100 companies to sole inventors, and assists them in all aspects of IP protection. He holds a Juris Doctor from Indiana University, Masters of Science in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Michigan and Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from Wayne State University.